Indiana is a beautiful state in the midwestern region of the United States, which ranks 38th in terms of having the largest area among the 50 states of the United States. With the scenic beauty and the comfortable atmosphere cockroaches are some of those pests which are found in the whole of the United States. They are not usually as common as they are in the other parts of the U.S. These are cited here as they do not need specific geographical conditions to sustain, and these are the most flexible in terms of adjusting to conditions.

The common species of cockroaches in Indiana are:

1. German Cockroach

German Cockroach

Scientific Name: Blattella germanica

These are small pests which are ½ ” in size, Light brown or tan, with two black stripes behind their head which are less than an inch long. Despite having well-developed wings, these roaches rarely fly and prefer to crawl on surfaces.

These are generally active at night and hide in the dark during the daytime. If you see a german cockroach in the daytime, it is quite probable that they have infested in large numbers in the available cracks. These bugs can detect and avoid insecticides and have excellent reproducing capacity and multiply very fast. Male adult roaches spend the majority of their time in harborage.

2. American Cockroach

American Cockroach

Scientific Name: Periplaneta americana

These are the common species of cockroaches. With an average length of 4 cm (1.6 in), they are reddish-brown and have a yellowish margin on the region behind the head. They have wings and are capable of flight. The nymph roaches resemble adult roaches, but they do not have wings. Males and females are almost the same size. It is one of the most massive pests in size, which is one of the fastest running insects.

They can be found in dank sewers and damp basements and heating ducts under hospitals. They can be transported into homes in boxes from the infested areas. They can cause several allergies and contaminate food.

Weather in Indiana

Indiana is a relatively cooler place, and hence only two species of cockroaches are spotted here. These two are also not present in an excessive amount because the average temperature here in winters is as low as -10 degrees celsius, while the summers experience 29-degree Celsius as the highest temperature. Roaches tend to die due to extreme cold, and they can live here only in summers due to humidity alone.

Countering Methods

  • Apply chemicals at roach hiding places such as dark crevices and pores.
  • Proper pest management techniques can help in the prevention of the cockroaches.
  • Sanitation is crucial to reduce the harborage of roaches.
  • Clean all pet food dishes and remove spilled pet food as cockroaches tend to consume anything they find.
  • Ensure that all structural leaks are repaired because roaches love to infest in humid areas.
  • Broadcasting granular baits in areas where cockroaches are found can prove to be of great help.
  • Boric acid is quite useful for killing roaches if you are keen on tackling cockroaches with a DIY approach.

Illinois is located in the midwestern region of the United States and is one of the most significant GDP contributors. The weather varies widely throughout the year and has somewhat warm winters compared to the other regions. It has hot and humid weather, which ensures a comfortable climate for the subsistence of cockroaches. These roaches not only seem dirty but carriers of pathogens and spread diseases among humans and spoil food.

The three invasive Cockroaches in Illinois are:

1. American Cockroach

Scientific Name: Periplaneta americana

American Cockroach

Description

The American cockroach is a giant cockroach. The adult body length is approximately 38mm. The antennae extending from the head equals the body if they are intact in their original size. They are reddish-brown with a yellowish edge on the pronotum. They have strong wings and are capable of flying.

Habitat

They occur in the dark, damp, warm areas, often near steam pipes, in sewers, grease traps, wet basements, etc. They mostly happen to be in restaurants, grocery stores, bakeries, breweries, pet shops, and other establishments where food is prepared or stored.

Lifespan

They can survive for up to two years, which is much longer than other cockroach types.

Countering Measures

  • Carefully check cartons and anything that comes from outside before taking it inside.
  • Always check abandoned areas and clean them from time to time.

2. German Cockroach

Scientific Name: Blattella germanica

German Cockroach

Description

They are Light brown to tan and usually have a darker color in the early stages of development, which lighten to a faint brown in later stages. They have long, comprehensive, and flat bodies, with six legs and two long antennae protruding from the head. They also have two dark longitudinal lines on the shield behind their head. These are among species of cockroach that do not fly, despite having wings, which helps in catching or tracking their progress through the house.

Habitat

They prefer a warm, humid, dark, and well-hidden environment and can be found anywhere in cupboards, up under kitchen sinks, in drawers, closets, etc. This pest loves to stay indoors, and it is one of the most challenging jobs to eradicate them from indoor environments. 

Lifespan

German Roaches can survive up to 100 to 200 days.

Countering Measures

  • Eliminate any such spaces which can be potential hiding places for roaches.
  • Keep your houses sanitized and clean.

3. Oriental Cockroach

Scientific Name: Blatta orientalis

Oriental Cockroach

Description

It is approximately 1 inch long (22 to 27mm) and dark brown to black. Males have wings that cover 3/4 of their body, and the female has very short wings. 

Habitat

Oriental roaches can be found in cold, dark, and damp areas like basements, bathrooms, and in abandoned washing machines. While they primarily live outdoors during hotter months for reproduction, they may harbor your home during the winter in search of food and protected areas to thrive.

Lifespan

The average lifespan of these roaches is 110 to 160 days.

Countering Measures

  • Remove rotting leaves and other such litter from window wells.
  • Move garbage cans out of moist habitats as cockroaches harbor places where food and moisture are readily available.

Conclusion

Roaches should be effectively managed, and if they are large in numbers, proper professional consultation should be considered as once they infest in large numbers, they can cause severe damage.

Idaho is located in the northern region of the United States. It was once considered a part of the Oregon country. The cockroaches are one of the oldest creatures on earth, which are by far the most adaptable creatures too. They are found in Idaho also because the weather in the region drastically varies from season to season.

The common Cockroaches in Idaho are:

1. German Cockroach

German Cockroach

These cockroaches are a significant worry as they like indoor locations. These are small in size, ranging from 1/2 inch to 5/8 inch in length and medium yellowish-brown in color. German roaches can be distinguished from other cockroaches by two dark parallel stripes on the anterior, dorsal portion of the thorax. They have a unique love for sweets, meats, starches, pieces of bread, gravies, and almost any of the human or pet food. They also consume glue and book bindings. 

Habitat

The preferred habitats by these cockroaches are Kitchens, bathrooms, and other locations that provide food, moisture, warmth, and shelter. These are most common in bathrooms, kitchen sinks, and commercial kitchen environments.

2. Brown-banded Cockroach

Brown-banded Cockroach

Brown-banded Cockroach is one of the smallest pest cockroaches; the adult cockroaches are approximately 10 to 15mm in length and identified by the yellow-brown stripes across their abdomen. They are unique insects because of the difference in the appearance of the males and the female body. These are omnivorous pests and forage on anything that possesses organic matter, which makes them consume even natural glues used in books and cabinets.

Habitat

They are highly active and quick in motion, which makes it very difficult to find them. Like all cockroaches that invade buildings, these roaches love spending much of their time resting in cracks. They prefer high altitude and are excellent flyers, making it harder to reach and kill them.

3. American Cockroach

American Cockroach

American cockroaches are typically oval, reddish-brown with a yellowish figure 8 pattern on the back end of the head; they have six legs. Adult cockroaches range between 1 ¼ to 2 ⅛ in length and have an antenna, which helps them in smelling food.

Habitat

They prefer habitats where food and water supply is readily available, and they are generally found outdoors. Despite the name, the American Cockroach is found all over the world. When they do not go indoors, these can be found crawling inside dark spaces. They’re generally found in places like woodpiles, dead logs, and hollow trees.

Weather Conditions in Idaho

Although the state’s borders with the pacific ocean are quite far away, humidity and precipitation are ample in amounts in winters too. The winters are not as cold as they should be. Because of which cockroaches often consider it a great place to take refuge to save themselves from the chilly winters while summers are the most favorite season for the cockroaches.

Conclusion

Proper sanitation is the key to keep cockroaches away, and it should be taken very seriously since it is also better to take precautions rather than creating a mess and then dealing with it.

Hawaii is one of those cities where people are troubled by the ruckus created by cockroaches. Once roaches infest, they can bring several diseases as they are carriers of significant pathogens. 

Though there are some nineteen different species of cockroaches in Hawaii, the major and the most frequently occurring cockroach in Hawaii is American Cockroach.

What forces them to move Indoors?

Food shortage or climate conditions are the main reasons for them to take shelter inside homes. When they move indoors, they prefer to inhibit in moist and humid surroundings. They can also survive in dry regions with adequate food and water sources. Favorable temperature for these insects is between 70-80 degrees Fahrenheit.

Description

Ranging from 1-1/2 to 2 inches, this is one of the enormous common cockroaches. They are reddish-brown. The prothorax(shield portion behind the head) has a margin of light brown or yellow color.

Life Cycle of an American Roach

American Roach

STAGE 1: Eggs

An adult female American Cockroach produces an egg case after one week of mating. This egg sack is reddish or dark brown when it is first deposited but changes its color to black after a day or two. They are purse-shaped and smooth in appearance. These sacks are usually around 8 mm.

Female American roaches deposit their ootheca shortly after they are formed. The egg sacks are carried for a few hours to a few days before being left somewhere safe for brooding. They leave their egg cases in protected areas.

How do Roaches secure their Eggs?

American cockroaches use a saliva-like oral secretion to glue the capsule securely to the ground. They place them near food sources, as the baby roaches will require sustenance as soon as the eggs hatch. Each ootheca(egg sack) typically contains 14 to 16 eggs.

The lifespan of this stage is 29 – 58 days.

STAGE 2: Nymphs

Young roaches are known as nymphs. The babies are almost smaller versions of the adults, except they are grayish-brown in color. As they grow, they darken in color, becoming reddish-brown in the later stages.

The maturation of American Cockroach nymphs is heavily influenced by their surrounding temperature, but on average, it takes around 600 days. 

Physical Progress in Nymphal Stage

During this stage, the nymphs will molt 10 to 13 times before they reach adulthood, shredding their skin cases each time. The young roaches will be white immediately after each molt, darkening to grayish or reddish-brown within a few hours.

During their development, American roaches progressively become larger until they reach their adult size. They will evolve wing pads during their second to the last instar. However, only the adults have wings.

Life Span of Nymph Stage

This stage varies depending on the surrounding temperature and can take anywhere from 160 – 900 days.

STAGE 3: Adults

American Cockroaches reach adulthood after 10 to 13 nymphal stages. At full maturity, they have fully grown adult cockroaches huge in size than many other species of cockroaches. They survive much longer too. 

Progress in Adult Stage

It takes an average of six thousand days for an American roach to get to adulthood, and the adult lifespan of these may be a further four hundred days under favorable living conditions. This life span is quite long for an insect and is probably due to their ability to resist pathogens and pesticides.

During her adulthood, female American cockroaches will produce an average of 150 young. And although adult American roaches have wings, they rarely fly. Instead, they are often seen running speedily over horizontal and vertical surfaces.

The lifeSpan of Adulting Stage

The adult lifespan of the American roach is also heavily influenced by the external temperature. At average room temperature, adult roaches can survive for up to 400 days.

Cockroaches are one of those species that are highly resilient and adapt behavioral patterns to survive in any condition. It does not matter how clean your house is or how hygienic you are; they would ultimately find a shelter in your home if the situation demands so. Nearly every household battles them at some point or the other. They not only create a lot of nuisance, but can also destroy food, damage books, and fabrics, and spread disease and trigger breathing issues. 

What makes Cockroaches Frequent in Florida

Florida is a beautiful city to live in, but people there are always troubled by pests because of its pest-friendly temperature i.e. hot and humid, that maintains round the year. 

Since cockroaches find it challenging to survive in icy places, they take shelter inside homes. That being said, unlike most of the other cities in the United States, Florida’s climate remains relatively warm and comforting for roaches during the winter season. Here the winter temperatures range from about 70 °F to about 50 °F. One of the main reasons for this temperature is because Florida is geographically closer to the equator, allowing higher temperatures and humidity to stay during winters.

The Three frequently occurring species of Roaches in Florida are:

1. American Cockroach

American Cockroach

Scientific Name: Periplaneta americana

American cockroaches prefer damp conditions and often are found in sewers, woodpiles, and mulch. This is a reddish-brown, about 1.5 inches long or longer than that, winged, but does not fly. The wings of males are longer than the female wings. Young cockroaches are gray-brown. 

As the American roaches mature, they become more reddish-brown in appearance. They have well-developed wings but do not fly much unless temperatures are above 85 degrees, then they are known as “flying water bugs.” These generally cannot survive in temperatures less than 25 °F.

2. German Cockroach

German Cockroach

Scientific Name: Blattella germanica

These cockroaches are a significant worry as they like indoor locations. These are small in size, ranging from 1/2 inch to 5/8 inch in length and medium yellowish-brown in color. German roaches can be distinguished from other cockroaches by two dark parallel stripes on the anterior, dorsal portion of the thorax.

The preferred habitats by these cockroaches are Kitchens, bathrooms, and other locations that provide food, moisture, warmth, and shelter. The lifespan of these roaches is approximately 100 days.

3. Smoky Brown Cockroach

Smoky Brown Cockroach

Scientific Name: Periplaneta fuliginosa

This is one of the oldest species of roaches that still exists in Florida. These are probably named after their dark brown color and about 1 ¼ to 1 ¾ inch long. Their wings are strong and capable of taking flight. This makes them excellent fliers. They seek warm, humid, and well-protected areas. 

These roaches have an impulse to lose vapors through their body, and for that, water is an essential requirement for them, every two to three days.

Conclusion

Various protection measures can be followed to prevent roaches from entering your houses, which includes sealing any openings in pipelines, using insecticides, and maintaining proper ventilation.

Cockroach in Utah

Utah is located in the western region of the United States, where the temperatures are extreme. The cold temperatures in winter drops as low as -18 degree celsius due to its elevation while the sweltering summers which range around 29 to 38 °C. It is less probable to find cockroaches in the state in winters due to shallow temperature, but they do occur in summers due to the hot and humid climatic conditions.

The most commonly spotted Cockroaches in Utah are:

German Cockroach

German Cockroach

Latin Name: Blattella germanica

These are small pests which are ½ ” in size, Light brown or tan, with two black stripes behind their head which are less than an inch long. Despite having well-developed wings, these roaches rarely fly and prefer to crawl on surfaces.

These are generally active at night and hide in the dark during the daytime. If you see a german cockroach in the daytime, it is quite probable that they have infested in large numbers in the available cracks. They are smart bugs that can detect and avoid insecticides. They have excellent reproducing capacity and multiply very fast.

American Cockroach

American Cockroach

Latin Name: Periplaneta americana

These are the common species of cockroaches. With an average length of 4 cm (1.6 in), they are reddish-brown and have a yellowish margin on the region behind the head. They have wings and are capable of flight. Males and females are almost the same sizes. It is one of the most massive pests in size, which is one of the fastest running insects.

They can be found in dank sewers and damp basements and heating ducts under hospitals. They can be transported into homes in boxes from the infested areas. They can cause several allergies and contaminate food.

Oriental Cockroach

Oriental Cockroach

Latin Name: Blatta orientalis

These are shiny black to dark reddish-brown. They are about 1 inch in length. The wings of the males do not extend until the end of the abdomen. The wings of the females are reduced to short stubs at the back of the thorax. Though there are wings, they do not fly. The oriental roach is less cautious and more sluggish than other cockroaches.

These roaches feed on anything available, which ranges from all kinds of food to decaying organic matter but prefers food that is rich in carbohydrates. Oriental cockroaches tend to produce an unpleasant odor when feeding and gathering in crowds.

Brown-banded Cockroach

Brown-banded Cockroach

Latin Name: Supella longipalpa

It is one of the smallest of the invasive cockroaches, and the adult brown-banded cockroach may reach a length of 11 to 14.5 mm and tan to light brown. Brown-banded cockroaches get their name from the two lighter bands they have across their dark brownish bodies. The adult male has long wings that cover the abdomen while the females have short wings.
They are commonly found on ceilings, higher on walls, behind photo frames, and near motors of refrigerators and other electrical appliances. They also reside in electrical switches, closets, and furniture. They generally thrive in temperature between 25 and 33 °C.

Black Cockroaches are also known as Oriental Cockroaches. These are called black because of their appearance. These are considered as filthier than any of the other roach species. They are most active early in the evening and are located at ground level. They are a common household pest in the Midwest, Northwest, and Southern United States.

Where do they occur

  • They prefer commercial buildings associated with the production or handling of food because ample sources of food are available there.
  • They often take shelter in basements, crawl spaces, utility rooms, sewers, and old incinerators as these places do not have frequent visitors.
  • Due to the cold environment, they are commonly found under refrigerators, sinks, washing machines, and floors.
  • They also survive quite well outdoors in firewood, leaf litter, sheds, doghouses, and similar locations due to the capability to bear hot weather conditions. 

Favorable Weather conditions for Survival

They survive in areas with summer heat and moderate winters, which makes them common species in South Africa. Oriental cockroaches prefer to stay outdoors in warm weather, but they move indoors during droughts that seek higher humidity.

Description

Latin Name: Blatta orientalis

These are shiny black to dark reddish-brown. They are about 1 inch in length. The wings of the males do not extend until the end of the abdomen. The wings of the females are reduced to short stubs at the back of the thorax. Though there are wings, they do not fly. The oriental roach is less cautious and more sluggish than other cockroaches.

 What do they eat?

Black Cockroaches feed on anything and everything which ranges from all kinds of food to decaying organic matter but prefers food that is rich in carbohydrates. Oriental cockroaches tend to produce an unpleasant odor when feeding and gathering in crowds.

Life cycle

Eggs

The female may carry the brown egg sack for thirty hours, with up to sixteen eggs laid in the tablet. The average number of nymphs to hatch per egg capsule is 14.4. Each female roach deposits an average of eight egg sacks. The egg capsule is stored in some warm sheltered spot where food is readily available. In this species, the female cockroach does not assist her newly born young. At room temperature, the incubation period averages 60 days.

Young Cockroaches

 Nymphs emerge 6-12 weeks later and progress through 7-10 molts before reaching maturity, a process that takes ten months-2 years depending upon temperature and food supply. With each successive molt, the wings, antennae, and cerci develop, and the nymph becomes progressively more like the adult.

Adults

 The adults appear in May, June, and July, and the nymphs are more and more evident during summer months. Adults usually do not mature during October, November, and December. 

Adults live approximately 4.5 months at 25°C. The slow proliferation of these roaches will limit its success, where reasonable standards of hygiene exist.

How to prevent them

  1. Clean up food crumbs and spills as cockroaches do not prevail in hygienic places.
  2. The use of sticky traps can be of great rescue to capture and prevent existing roaches.
  3. Clean up all the sources of food and water that could attract roaches.
  4. Fix leaky and faulty water pipes.
  5. Increase the ventilation of your house to prevent condensation.
  6. Reducing the humidity and increasing the light in problem areas will help control roach infestations.
  7. Applications of insecticides around building perimeters, in drain openings, or sewer openings will help to control these black cockroaches.
  8. Installation of door sweeps, keeping thresholds tight, sealing gaps, and screening vents will help to keep oriental cockroaches out of buildings.

Alabama is in the southeastern region of the United States, which was entirely dependent on agriculture for the longest time. It is bordered by Georgia to the east, Mississippi to the west, Tennessee to the north, the Gulf of Mexico, and Florida to the south. The state is also known as the “Heart of Dixie” and the “Cotton State.” The southern region is one of the worst affected by cockroaches, and they create a ruckus in homes.

The Cockroaches in Alabama are listed below:

German Cockroach

German Cockroach

They are Light brown to tan and usually have a darker color in the early stages of development, which lighten to a faint brown in later stages. They have long, comprehensive, and flat bodies. They have two dark longitudinal lines on the shield behind their head. These do not fly, despite having wings. These wings help them in catching or tracking their progress through the house.

Habitat

German Cockroaches love to stay indoors. They love to reside in warm, humid, dark, and well-hidden areas and can be found anywhere in cupboards, up under kitchen sinks, in drawers, closets, etc.

Brown Banded Cockroach

Brown Banded Cockroach

The Brown Banded Cockroach rarely exceeds ½ inch in length, is light brown, and has tan bands that cross their wings. You can spot their light brown egg cases near the ceiling or higher on walls. They leave behind their feces and shed their skin.

Habitat

Brown-banded cockroaches are found in apartments, homes, hotels, and hospitals. They are less frequently found in restaurants, stores, and kitchens. 

American Cockroach

American Cockroach

This is a reddish-brown, about 1.5 inches long or longer than that, winged, but does not fly. The wings of males are longer than the female wings. Young cockroaches are gray-brown. As the American roaches mature, they become more reddish-brown in appearance. They have well-developed wings but do not fly much unless temperatures are above 85 degrees, then they are known as “flying water bugs.” 

Habitat

These generally cannot survive in temperatures less than 25 °F. American cockroaches prefer damp conditions and often are found in sewers, woodpiles, and mulch. 

Oriental Cockroach

Oriental Cockroach

These are approximately 1 inch in length. These are shiny black to dark reddish-brown. These are also known as Black Cockroaches because of their appearance. 

Habitat

They are most active early in the evening and are located at ground level. Due to the cold environment, they are commonly found under refrigerators, sinks, washing machines, and floors. They often take shelter in basements, crawl spaces, utility rooms, sewers, and old incinerators as these places do not have frequent visitors.

Smoky Brown Cockroach

Smoky Brown Cockroach

They are the most extensive local species of cockroaches, which can be identified by their brown/black body pattern and have a uniform mahogany color. These roaches are excellent flyers and can work their way into the home where they like to live. 

Habitat

These can be found in areas that are warm, very moist, and protected from the elements. Smoky brown cockroaches live in decaying organic material, gardens and the forested regions, oak tree habitat, etc.

Weather in AlabamaThe summers in Alabama are among the hottest in the U.S. The average temperature in the state is 18 degrees Celsius, which is not too cold, and cockroaches find it easy to reproduce here and multiply in numbers. The southern part of the country is warmer because of its proximity to the Gulf of Mexico. It can be said safely that the climatic conditions of the region support the thriving of cockroaches here.

We often hear two different terms when the nocturnal pest is to be addressed. The one is a cockroach itself while the other one is a roach. Now, we often wonder if there is any difference between the two. The answer to this question is NO. In the present article, we are going to understand why a cockroach is called a roach and vice-versa.

While Cockroach is a word for textbooks, the roach is used within social groups. The difference stands only in the use and origin, whereas the meaning stands the same.

Where does the word “Cockroach” come from?

The word Cockroach comes from the Spanish originated word “Cucaracha,” which later transitioned into the English language to become “cockroach.” This term is usually used in institutions, schools, and places that require a formal address. 

Why is CockroachCockroach called a “roach”?

A roach is a slang or an abbreviated form of CockroachCockroach, which was earlier used in the United States to address an American Cockroach. With passing time, the use of the word has crossed the borders and is now being used everywhere. The term is most often used in informal conversations like other slangs used. One possible motive for using the word might be to sound less scientific, and the name is anyway shorter, so it is easy to be called out.

Why are slangs used?

  • Slang terms are often understood by people of a particular group or specific people; therefore, using slang is mostly a way to show that you belong. 
  • You can connect with the like-minded people who understand what you mean by using the up-to-date slang terms.
  • It is often a mark of being “cool” or letting others know that you are fully acquainted with the changing trends. 
  • Slang is also a way to use language to separate yourself from others.

While some slangs die out from lack of use due to the introduction of new terms, others become so popular that they completely take over the common word otherwise used. Slangs are a way for people to know how language evolves over time, as new words are continuously added to the dictionary while old ones disappear as they are no longer into use.

Different Slangs for Animals 

  • Chuck is used for a chicken in Australian slang
  • A dog is often called a doggie or a doggo in the United States 
  • A cat is also called kitty in a lot of countries.

Conclusion

Looking into the depth, we are now clear that a roach is nothing but a cockroach only, and it is an evolved word originating out of people for making it short and sound cooler.