Louisiana is located in the south of the United States and is home to a lot of cockroach species. The climatic conditions here are the most suitable to roaches as the region experiences long, hot, and humid summers while the winter season lasts only for a couple of months.

The common species in Louisiana are:

German Cockroaches

Description

They are Light brown to tan and usually have a darker color in the early stages of development, which lighten to a faint brown in later stages. They have long, comprehensive, and flat bodies, with six legs and two long antennae protruding from the head. They also have two dark longitudinal lines on the shield behind their head. These are among species of cockroach that do not fly, despite having wings, which helps in catching or tracking their progress through the house.

Control Measures

  • Ensure cleanliness in your kitchen and do not leave any food remains, including dog or cat feed. 
  • Baking soda is a powerful agent that mixes in the stomach of the cockroach, causing them to die over time. this gives slow death to these pests

American Cockroaches

Description

American cockroaches are typically oval, reddish-brown, range between 1 ¼ to 2 ⅛ in length, and have an antenna, which helps them in smelling food. They possess a yellowish figure 8 pattern on the back end of the head; they have six legs. 

Control Measures

  • Seal cracks and crevices and eliminate roof and plumbing leaks to close all entry points.
  • Regularly trim trees and shrubs in your backyards or lawns.

Brown-banded Cockroaches

Description

It is one of the smallest of the invasive cockroaches, and the adult brown-banded cockroach may reach a length of 11 to 14.5 mm. Brown-banded cockroaches get their name from the two lighter bands they have across their dark brownish bodies.

Control Measures

  • Inspect the storage boxes thoroughly before bringing them into your home or workplace.
  • Implement proper food storage and sanitation practices and conduct regular preventive maintenance at possible access points.

Smoky Brown Cockroaches

Description

These roaches are about 25 to 38 mm long and brownish-black in color. Both males and the females of this species fully developed wings and are strong fliers.

Control Measures

  • Eliminate outside sources of food and shelter for these roaches and seal all possible entrances to your home.
  • Cover all the pet food with a plastic tarp. Keep all the firewood as far away from the house as possible.

Asian Cockroaches 

Description

These are one inch long, tan to dark brown, with dark stripes behind their heads. These are almost identical to the German roaches except the fact that these have more robust, longer and narrower wings and are capable of flying.

Control Measures

  • Sodium vapor lamps and yellow incandescent bulbs can help them deviate from entering your premises.
  • Toxic palletized baits can prove to be a reliable control measure.

Surinam Cockroaches

Description

These are easily confused with the oriental cockroach as they have a similar appearance to them. These cockroaches are medium-sized, about 1 inch long, mostly brown. Adult roaches have a pale leading edge on the pronotum. Their wings cover the abdomen entirely and are olive-green to brown.

Control Measures

  • Scrutinize plants before bringing them inside to prevent these cockroaches enter your house
  • Remove harborage sites such as excessive leaf litter, mulch, stones, or other objects close to the foundation of your building.

Oriental Cockroaches

Description

These are also known as black beetles, waterbugs, or shad roach. The male cockroaches are about an inch long, while the female counterparts are about 1 ¼ inch long, and are shiny dark brown with rarely having other colored markings along with its wings or head. The female of this species has a broader body with short arms, while the male’s body is narrower and has longer wings. Despite having wings, these roaches are unable to fly.

Control Measures

  • The key to control these roaches is cleanliness, which is usually tricky in houses with kids and domestic animals. 
  • Baits or traps can effectively manage low numbers, while heavy infestations need chemical control measures.

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