New Mexico is situated in the Southwestern part of the United States, which faces an arid climate. This region’s average annual temperature is around 18-degree celsius, which is quite pleasant for humans and cockroaches too. Therefore, the city might provide you with all the luxuries, but you will have to deal with these pests very carefully.

The common roaches in New Mexico are:

American Cockroach

American Cockroach

Description

These cockroaches are giant up to 1.5 inches, which does not include the antennae, have wings, shiny body and are reddish-brown with a lighter border over the head. They are capable of flying.

Habitat

They prefer warm, moist environments and do not survive well in the cold. They thrive in basements, crawl spaces, cracks and crevices, porches, foundations, walkways, garbage bins, and sewers.

Diet

They have varied feeding habits and can consume anything such as tea, leather, food products, the starch in book bindings, manuscripts, glue, hair, flakes of skin, and plant materials.

Oriental Cockroach

Oriental Cockroach

Description

It is large and generally ranges between 1inch to 1 ¼ with a glossy black body. Males have narrower frames and developed wings, while females have large bodies and undeveloped wings. Oriental cockroaches are not capable of flying despite having wings. 

Habitat

These cockroaches prefer to stay outdoors in warm weather, but they move indoors during droughts that seek higher humidity. These can be spotted in basements, crawl spaces, utility rooms, sewers, and old incinerators, under refrigerators, sinks, washing machines, firewood, leaf litter, sheds, doghouses, and similar locations.

Diet

Foraging on garbage is a favorite activity for oriental cockroaches. They will also eat sewage and other decaying foods. They need to have water every two weeks but can live up to a month without food.

German Cockroach

German Cockroach

Description

These are small in size, ranging from 1/2 inch to 5/8 inch in length and medium yellowish-brown in color. These are among species of cockroach that do not fly, despite having wings.

Habitat

These love to be near humans and can be found in restaurants, hotels, food processing facilities, and nursing homes too. They prefer confined spaces and can hide in small cracks and crevices.

Diet

They have a unique love for sweets, meats, starches, pieces of bread, gravies, and almost any of the human or pet food. They also consume glue and book bindings.

Turkestan Cockroach

Turkestan Cockroach

Description

The adult Turkestan Cockroach is 1/2 to 7/8 inches in length with color variations between the male and female. The female is slightly bigger at 3/4 to 1 inch. The wings in females are striped and too short of taking a flight. The male wings are yellowish and fully functional in flying.

Habitat

They thrive in warm, relatively dry climates and don’t prefer to live indoors. Most of the time, they stay outside, building colonies. These are generally found in outdoor electrical boxes and water meter boxes, compost piles, or hiding in the potted plants. They occasionally enter houses for food, water, and shelter.

Diet

The Turkestan Cockroach feeds on a variety of food items ranging from bread crumbs, leftovers, and garbage to leaf litter, compost, and decomposing insects too.

Control Measures

  • Apply surface sprays in and around cockroach harborages and the travel routes of roaches. 
  • Mixtures of borax and sugar can be utilized as baits to kill these bugs.
  • A bait Gel can be highly effective as it is discrete, easy to apply, can eliminate colonies, and has no bad odor.
  • Sealing cracks and any other entry points that cockroaches use to gain access will assist in getting rid of cockroaches.
  • Increase the ventilation of your house to prevent condensation.

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