Cockroaches are one of the most common pests rapidly infesting in New York homes. They take shelter in locations where they can easily access warmth, food, and water without traveling too far. A dwelling in New York allows ample resources for cockroaches to flourish. As soon as cockroaches inhabit an area that fulfills their requirements, such as plenty of resources and rapid reproductive capabilities, they multiply so quickly that they are thousands in number in no time.
Scientific Name: Periplaneta americana
American cockroaches prefer damp conditions and often are found in sewers, woodpiles, and mulch. This is a reddish-brown, about 1.5 inches long or longer than that, winged, but does not fly. The wings of males are longer than the female wings. Young cockroaches are gray-brown.
As the American roaches mature, they become more reddish-brown in appearance. They have well-developed wings but do not fly much unless temperatures are above 85 degrees, then they are known as “flying water bugs.” These generally cannot survive in temperatures less than 25 °F.
Scientific Name: Blattella germanica
These cockroaches are troublesome for indoor locations because they like the human environment. These are small in size, ranging from 1/2 inch to 5/8 inch in length and medium yellowish-brown in color. German roaches can be distinguished from other cockroaches by two dark parallel stripes on the anterior, dorsal portion of the thorax.
The preferred habitats by these cockroaches are Kitchens, bathrooms, and other locations that provide appropriate amounts of food, moisture, warmth, and shelter.
Scientific Name: Blatta orientalis
These are also known as Black Cockroaches because of their appearance. These are shiny black to dark reddish-brown. They are about 1 inch in length.
They are most active early in the evening and are located at ground level. They often take shelter in basements, crawl spaces, utility rooms, sewers, and old incinerators as these places do not have frequent visitors. Due to the cold environment, they are commonly found under refrigerators, sinks, washing machines, and floors.
Weather Conditions in New York
This region generally experiences a temperature of 77 degrees Fahrenheit, with 86 degrees being excessively hot. These are completely the right kind of weather conditions that are required by the cockroaches to sustain themselves. Cockroaches love the areas where it is warm and steamy, and New York seems to be one of those places.
Methods of Prevention
- Sealing all the cracks, crevices, and holes present in the house is one of the simplest ways to prevent, control, and eliminate cockroaches.
- Clean out junk and litter from storage shelves, drawers, and closets so that cockroaches do not infest there.
- Be cautious while selecting bait stations, glue traps, powders, and pesticides and choose the one which is environment-friendly.
- Use boric acid powder to dust spaces that are out of sight.
- Ensure that there is no food leftover as even the slightest amount of food or wetness falling into cracks will provide enough resources for a cockroach to reproduce and feed itself.