The southern region of the United States is relatively hotter than the other parts of the country, which makes it prone to pests. Since South Carolina is situated in the southern part of the United States, cockroaches are one of the troublesome pests for people living here. These cockroaches find ample food, water, and humidity in the region, which is apt for their survival.
The most common types of Cockroaches in South Carolina are listed below:
American cockroach (Periplaneta americana)
These cockroaches are giant up to 1.5 inches, have wings, and are reddish-brown with a lighter border over the head.
Place of exhibiting
They occur in the dark, damp, warm areas, often near steam pipes, in sewers, grease traps, wet basements, etc. They mostly happen to be in restaurants, grocery stores, bakeries, breweries, pet shops, and other establishments where food is prepared or stored.
A female roach lays around sixteen eggs at a time and produces six to fourteen ootheca during her lifetime. The average incubation period is 44 days, which makes up to 224 offspring. American cockroaches go through 10 to 13 stages before adulting. This process of reaching adulthood takes an average of 600 days. Male cockroaches can survive up to 362 days, whereas females can live over 700 days. They can survive for up to two years, which is much longer than other types of cockroaches.
Smoky brown cockroach (Periplaneta fuliginosa)
These roaches are about 25 to 38 mm long and brownish-black in color. Both males and the females of this species fully developed wings and are strong fliers.
Place of exhibiting
Smoky brown roaches seek warm, humid, and well-protected areas and mainly remain outdoors. They might get transported indoors on firewood or in boxes stored in a garage or shed, which is infested. They will invade homes only when they are in search of moisture and nutrition.
The female cockroach carries its egg capsule for about a day before hiding it somewhere to hatch. Each tiny egg case can produce as many as 45 offsprings. Since one female can lay dozens of egg cases in its lifespan, a few adult cockroaches can create a large infestation in a short time. A Smoky brown roach takes about 320 days to become an adult. Baby roaches begin life with much darker color compared to adults having two white strips. The tips of their antennae are also white. As they grow, they become more reddish. It depends on the surroundings, and they can live 200-300 days at room temperature In a protected environment.
Prevention and Control Measures
- Insecticides can be applied to basement walls and other infested sites.
- Residual sprays can be used in and around the perimeter of an infested structure.
- Pellet baits are extremely useful in controlling cockroaches.
- The trash can should also have a tight lid so that the waste odor doesn’t spread across your house.
- Regular maintenance of all the pipe fittings in your home can also help in regulating the occurrence of cockroaches in South Carolina.